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Девіз ротаріанського 2012-2013 року

«Мир через Служіння»

About town

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Kirovograd is a city in Ukraine, the administrative center of Kirovograd region. The city's population is more than 250 thousand people (according to 2001 census). The city is located in the valley of the Ingul (tributary of the Southern Bug), where the rivers Sugokley and Biyanka flow in it. The major railway station «Chornoliska-Pomichna» and bus stations are situated in Kirovograd. Karl Marx Street is the central street of the city.

The city was founded in 1754 by Russian troops as the fortress of Saint Elizabeth in order to protect the southern part of the empire from attacks by the Turks and Crimean Tatars. In Soviet times the city grew and it increased its industrial and economic potential. Now the city is divided into two administrative districts - Leninsky District and Kirovsky District, and the village Nove subordinated to the municipal council of Kirovograd.

History and tourism

Long before the foundation of the fortress the settlement of Cossacks appeared on the territory of the city. It was so-called "hibernation" in which people lived in autumn and winter. Also, these regions were populated by Serbs, Croats, Jews, Germans. In 1754 the Fort of Saint Elizabeth was founded, and this year has been considered as the official date of founding of the city. Yelisavetgrad was built as a fortress for the colonization of the northern Black Sea region and to deal with Gaydamaks; the royal army, which destroyed the Sich, acted from here. It was the army that counted 100.000 soldiers returned from Moldova after the war with Turkey. Has been built for five years, the fort was considered as a masterpiece of fortification art and its embankments have been partially preserved to this day. Now it is the largest earthen fortress in Europe, which is normally visited by numerous tourists. Also, the attention of the guests of the city has been attracted with the best in Ukraine arboretum, where numerous attractions, cafes, restaurants, and in spring - thousands of tulips, are located. In addition, the area in front of Kirovograd city council was recognized as the most beautiful in Ukraine in 2010. The area is decorated with a statue of Alexander Pashutin, who is known as a mayor of the city in the beginning of the 20th century. Next to it you can see the central square of ​​the city, as well as Bohdan Khmelnitsky Square. In both areas of the city festivals, concerts, fairs are regularly held. The Square near Pedagogical University, where the monument to the writer, politician and public figure - Volodymyr Vynnychenko is situated, should also be mentioned. Nearby the first Ukrainian professional and academic theater, park Kovalivsky, as well as a beautiful pedestrian street - Lenin Street, are situated. Kirovograd is a wonderful, charming city. No wonder that once Lev Trotsky called it "the little Paris."

Economy

Machinery, food and mining are the basis of industry in Kirovograd. Natural resources of Kirovograd are unmatched among other regions in Ukraine: Ukrainian crystalline shield represents almost the whole periodic table of elements here. There are more than 300 fields here - such situation is unique not only for Ukraine but also for Europe. There are mines of uranium (the largest in Europe), kaolin, titanium and iron ore, gold in the region. Foundation engineering Kirovograd is agricultural and large machine-building plants "Hydrosila" and "Chervona Zirka" work in the city. The city also provides food industries, in particular in businesses, well known abroad (ZAO "Radium", LLC "Drukmashcentre", LLC "Yatran", LLC "Laska" and others. The city has several universities, academic theater, a philharmonic, 3D-cinema, local history and art museums.

For more information about the city, visit the following sites:

Kirovograd city council: http://www.kr-rada.gov.ua/
Kirovohrad Regional State Administration: http://kr-admin.gov.ua/start.php
Kirovohrad Regional Council: http://www.oblrada.kirovograd.Ua/
News of the city - http://www.kirovograd.net/

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